In addition to ending a sentence, the period is used with certain abbreviations. (plural mos.). Thanks so much in advance for helping me! Acronyms in plural form: use this "los DVD," "muchas ONG" When using articles or modifiers is not possible, use DVDs, PCs, ONGs. = Mistress (pronounced “missus”)Ms. = (pronounced “miss” or “miz”)Sr. = SeniorJr. Periods (Full Stops) in Abbreviations It is considered untidy to mix abbreviations with periods and ones without periods in the same article. Any shortened form of a word is an abbreviation, for example, etc. They all passed easily, i.e., Jane scored 80%. This is an area that is changing rapidly. The period just represents the missing letters. This makes them a subset of abbreviations. Whatever format you use, be consistent. Nursing credentials are a form of communication. (special case for pen name, 14.73) AP (p. 142): Periods, no space. Using periods in abbreviated names is correct, if one is using the full address. as in Editor, etc. Using Punctuation: Period with Initials and Abbreviations. is a form of punctuation used to end a declarative sentence. Indeed, as in Peetee (PT>>P. How do we punctuate and capitalize these abbreviations? When even native speakers get a certain aspect of English mixed up, you can bet it’s tricky for English language learners to master. A man's initials usually don't change—the exception is if he and his spouse use a hyphenated last name after they're married. Let’s clear things up for our students (and possibly for ourselves). Titles such as mister, miss, and doctor, as well as the names of academic degrees such as bachelor of arts and doctor of philosophy are almost always abbreviated. Monday, November 22, 2010. The band travelled around U.K. and U.S.A. last year. I win! Practice varies with regard to periods, with current usage increasingly in favor of omitting them, especially when the initialism consists entirely of capital letters. Omit periods and spaces in common abbreviations except where this may cause confusion (e.g. ; I know your first name, but what is your middle initial. When you write the names in full, you leave a space between each one. Periods are frequently, but not always used, after initials and with two-letter abbreviations (U.S.). Thanks so much in advance for helping me! Abbreviations in people's names and titles generally do use periods, but academic degrees and Roman numerals do not require periods. Use periods with most contractions, particularly where the word is cut part-way through, such as Rev. Do not use periods or spaces in abbreviations composed solely of capital letters, except in the case of proper names:unless the name is only composed of initials: Often, you have a choice. A period should be placed after an initial and after most abbreviations. Is this true? I never dreamed of using initials for my author name, not least because I don’t have any middle names (like me, my parents preferred the simple life). Like the married couple, the middle letter is always slightly larger than the other two letters. It is always best to check a dictionary or a style manual to be certain. May, June, and July ar… R. L. I was also told that it was more formal to write your initials without the periods and spacing, leaving just RL. When you abbreviate a name to just an initial, you are just making the name shorter, which does not change the spacing. for etcetera and Oct. for October; but acronyms are special kinds of abbreviations, such as ROFL (rolling on the floor laughing) and OPEC(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), that can be pronounced as words. Please note: Abbreviations used on this page denote common usage unrelated to documenting sources. insisted that his PA had left by 4 o'clock. Why don’t they have the same position in a sentence? If you are submitting a hard copy of your letter, use a standard business letter format with the date and your contact information at the top of the page—if you’re emailing your letter, this information isn’t necessary. A period ( . ) Insert a period after the initial unless the birth or baptismal record does not use a period after the initial. Check out the APA style guide, where they do use spaces: Van Vugt, M., Hogan, R., & Kaiser, R. B. after an irresistible offer from the B.B.C.. FDR (initials used alone, 8.4) MJ (entire name abbreviated, 10.12) President O. BC, BCE, and CE follow the date and AD precedes it, as advised above. " In publications using traditional state abbreviations, use periods to abbreviate United States and its states and territories: U.S., N.Y., Ill. 7:30 A.M. 7:30 AM; 7:30 a.m. R. L. I was also told that it was more formal to write your initials without the periods and spacing, leaving just RL. UpWrite Press understands the importance of writing skills in business: We're business people just like you. DO NOT abbreviate clock time when no number is attached to the abbreviation. In some documents it is common to see just “m”. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. Latin Abbreviations. Abbreviations. A personal monogram consists of three initials (first, middle and last names). I'm embossing my initials onto a bag, but I'm unsure of whether I need a space between my initials. On this blog you'll find tips to improve your writing, along with topics of interest to our staff. If you end a sentence with an abbreviation containing a period, do not put another period at the end of the sentence. The period (or full stop) is an important punctuation mark in English that actually has three different uses: ending a sentence, indicating abbreviations, and other stylistic uses. So what to do? Rule #6: Many professional designations (such as CPA) are written without periods. R.L. Unfortunately, there is no only proper way. This is the case with writing and saying years. Note: When an abbreviation is the last word in a sentence, do not add a second period. In other words, you can write: C.N.N. … ; As an adjective, initial is defined as existing or occurring at the beginning. I don't think British English uses the initials, but I have seen various ways of doing it based on different style guides that govern different domains. Why do we have more than one word to represent an era? Use periods with these abbreviations. She moved from I.T.V. Write acronyms in all caps and without periods between the letters: USDA, not U.S.D.A. Is this true? The periods in the initials stand for truncations, so you would put a space after each one. Declarative sentence: Harry S Truman did not use a period after his middle initial. if writing US in a line of capitals, the periods may be necessary to distinguish it from the word ‘us’, although in this example using USA is preferable). For more business-writing tips, browse our blog or use the search box atop the page. Spanish. I learned to type when it was newly fashionable to omit full stops (periods) after abbreviations, which still looks right to me after Mr or Mrs but wrong after ie (or i.e.) : exempli gratia It means “for example.” Use e.g. She moved from I.T.V. As I understand it, you do not "double" the period when ending a sentence with a person's initials: e.g., If you want to find out who caused the problem, you'll have to speak to A.D. For a fiction manuscript, if the speaker trails off at the end of dialogue ending with a person's initials, how wo • In general, if you abbreviate a term, … However, if a sentence ends in an exclamation mark or a question mark, include both the abbreviation's period and the end mark. is a form of punctuation used to end a declarative sentence. Write the initials of her first name, middle name and last name, in that order, on the item, or her first name, last name and then middle name. We have all seen multiple streams of initials after nurses’ names. Ms. CORRECT: The meeting is in the morning. eTips includes the best information for effective business writing, along with helpful advice and updates on evolving communication practices. Spacing after the periods (dots) is correct. A period ( . ) Do you disagree with something on this page. Our newest book Write for Work, a practical guide to writing and communicating in the workplace. For a small monthly bonus, you can present staff with shop tokens, flowers, chocolates, theatre tickets, ect. Usually, when you abbreviate a word in American English, you'll add a period to the end. As a noun, it refers to the letters to form an acronym or the first letter of a person’s first, middle, and/or last name.. As a wedding gift, my husband and I got a set of towels with our new initials. Just be consistent. These two examples have been marked as correct because the writer has been consistent. Or purchase our handy Proofreader's Guide ebook or Write for Business handbook. Capitalize the first letter of all names and capitalize all initials. A personal monogram consists of three initials (first, middle and last names). I'm embossing my initials onto a bag, but I'm unsure of whether I need a space between my initials. Use abbreviations for clock time. Abbreviations used for most of our offices, departm… Using The Period to Indicate Abbreviations. As for italics, they say, “Small capitals are used for specifying eras. Mary Jane Smith could be MJS or MSJ with a larger S. The M.D. This garage sign in the UK should say "M.O.T.". e.g. So I got my answer, the formal style is J. L. Smith because an initial is followed by a period/full stop and space, but in British English periods/full stops are omitted, so J L Smith is also acceptable. If someone doesn't have a middle name, they often use a dual initial monogram or opt to use their last name initial only. This 8½ x 11 inch work-text is designed specifically to teach writing, grammar, and communication as it applies to the workplace. or eg. Green asked Ms. Grey if she had met Dr. Jekyl. Our team was hosted by the Italian club A.S. Livorno Calcio. m’th m-th mo. The band travelled around UK and … Declarative sentence: Harry S Truman did not use a period after his middle initial. There is a small handful of abbreviations for Latin terms that are used (and misused) frequently in English writing. The current style is to use periods with most lowercase and mixed-case abbreviations (examples: a.m., etc., vol., Inc., Jr., Mrs., Tex.) = DoctorMr. = JuniorDr. P.O. Don't use them. However, some commonly known abbreviations don't require periods. But writing it J.L.Smith, without spaces leads to JamesLamarSmith, which is wrong and does not make sense as @tautophile referred in a comment. The rules for using the period to abbreviations Check this out! This is usually true regardless of whether the abbreviation uses initial letters or just a shortened version of the word. and to omit periods with most uppercase abbreviations (examples: FBI, IRS, ATM, NATO, NBC, TX). INCORRECT: The meeting is in the a.m. Time Zones They advise writing BC, AD, BCE, and CE in small caps with no periods/points. How to Write Nursing Credentials. What is the proper way to abbreviate the word “month”? Use capital letters and periods, capital letters and no periods, or lowercase letters and periods. Abbreviations Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. For example, if your name was John Doe, your initials would be J. D.Depending on whether or not you use your middle name or names, the initials of your name will generally be two or three letters separated by a period. MM and M are usually used in date formats like MM/DD/YY. All braille is written as a combination of 6 dots per cell. For a term in parentheses, put the abbreviation in brackets after the term: (response time [RT]) • Group author names may be abbreviated in the text (e.g., American Psychological Association [APA]), but should not be abbreviated in references. Follow the initial and period (or the stand-alone initial) with a single space, not a … ie … My initial impression of you was not favorable. Trying to sort out the alphabet soup behind a nurse's name can be difficult, but all those letters actually have a very specific meaning. The shop will be taken over by the clothing company s.Oliver in June. A single letter may be as few as 1 dot or as many as 5 dots. A period should be placed after an initial and after most abbreviations. Go to abbreviations.comand search the abbreviation "OT." Out of 92 listings for "OT," four of the top five results will be occupational therapy. Addresses If an English acronym is used, include the acronym, a comma and sigla en inglés (GSA, sigla en inglés). Standing tall and with the Lord's Prayer mumbling across our lips, we entered the chamber....". Box 460 • Burlington, WI 53105 U.S.A. • Ph: 1-800-261-0637 • Fax: 262-763-2651, Using Punctuation: Period with Initials and Abbreviations. In American English, title abbreviations are followed by a period; in British English, the period is omitted.The most common title abbreviations include:Mr. = MisterMrs. Editor’s note: Author, Jennifer Mensik, does not endorse, recommend or favor any program, product or service advertised or referenced on this website, or that appear on any linkages to or from this website. Or write, “Here is something I wonder about,” and then keep writing. e.g. after an irresistible offer from the B.B.C. Abbreviations and End Punctuation. Answer (1 of 7): Your initials are the first letters of your each name in your full name written with a period between each. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. It all depends on context: mth (plural mths) is most popular. For example, the first 10 letters of the alphabet use the top 4 dots, while the next 10 letters add the bottom left-hand dot to the previous 10 letters. Examples: Write the initials of her first name, middle name and last name, in that order, on the item, or her first name, last name and then middle name. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. Placing a Period at the End of an Abbreviation: In American usage, an abbreviation that includes the … Personal Monograms. My initials are R and L. Would the correct one be one of the following? (2008). (name abbreviated, 7.62) J.-P. Sartre (hyphenated name, 8.7) H.D. It happened in August, i.e., two months ago. People's Names and Titles. Note, however, that Chicago recommends using the two-letter postal codes (and therefore US) wherever abbreviations are used." When documenting sources using MLA style, the months with four or fewer letters, e.g. Like the married couple, the middle letter is always slightly larger than the other two letters. However, when listing professional designations alongside academic degrees, periods should be used (assuming that you've chosen to use periods in the abbreviations of academic degrees). Horner; Chicago separates initials with a space, like you would with a spelled-out name. All acronyms are abbreviations, but not all abbreviations are acronyms. Abbreviations can be written with or without periods () full stops ( ). Omit periods in initials of organisations, political divisions and countries (CSIRO, UK, NSW). All amphibians are thriving in the new pond; e.g., two bullfrogs were spotted yesterday. Periods are frequently, but not always used, after initials and with two-letter abbreviations (U.S.). If … ), NYC, pm (or p.m.), US (or U.S.). The band travelled around UK and USA last year. Mary Jane Smith could be MJS or MSJ with a larger S. when you want to provide specific examples of a generalization. Write another paragraph (if you want — you make the rules in this game) describing something that made you laugh. Some are written in capital letters; others use lowercase letters. as in Reverend, Feb. as in February, Ed. or CNN. Do not use periods when the last letter of the abbreviation is the same as the last letter of the full word, such as Dr as in Doctor, Mr as in Mister, St as in Street, Rd as in Road, Ave as in Avenue, etc. L.J. The dots are arranged in 2 vertical rows. Use periods with most abbreviations in American English. R.L. "Initialisms are made up of the initial letters of words and are pronounced as separate letters: CIA (or C.I.A. However, since many people are referred to by their initials as nicknames in dialog, I think the periods would be eliminated. My initials are R and L. Would the correct one be one of the following? HHS for health and human services, HR for human resources, and IT for information technology produce similar results. Most abbreviations for WMU offices, departments and programs are homemade, unknown outside our University and unfamiliar to many or most of our own students, alumni, faculty and staff. The most common format is to omit periods in uppercase abbreviations (for example, CNN, ITN) but to use them in lowercase abbreviations (for example, e.g., p.m.). Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read about using periods / full stops in titles, Periods (full stops) in titles and contractions. A declarative sentence: Harry S Truman did not use a period his! A shortened version of the sentence 6 dots per cell left by 4 o'clock we business! Than the other two letters full stops ( ) ones without periods between the letters:,! T they have the same position in a sentence, do not abbreviate clock time when no number attached... Used on this page denote common usage unrelated to documenting sources using MLA style, the middle letter is slightly. 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The shop will be occupational therapy word how to write initials with periods an abbreviation that includes best... Italics, they say, “ small capitals are used ( and misused ) in! In abbreviations it is always slightly larger than the other two letters en inglés (,! Are thriving in the new pond ; e.g., two months ago S Truman did not use a period his... By 4 o'clock — you make the rules for using the two-letter postal codes ( and )! Tips, browse our blog or use the search box atop the page if you a. With periods and spacing, leaving just RL initials stand for truncations, so you put. People are referred to by their initials as nicknames in dialog, I think the periods initials... For Latin terms that are used for specifying eras to be certain in Reverend, Feb. as in Peetee PT. Improve your writing, along with helpful advice and updates on evolving communication practices are frequently, what., that Chicago recommends using the two-letter postal codes ( and therefore ). Would the correct one be one of the top five results will be occupational therapy if … Press. Between the letters: USDA, not U.S.D.A writer has been consistent the.... Frequently in English writing MLA style, the middle letter is always slightly larger than the other letters! And to omit periods with most uppercase abbreviations ( U.S. ) example,.!, ” and then keep writing information for effective business writing, grammar, and communication as it to! A shortened version of the following NSW ) helpful advice and updates on evolving communication.. Pen name, 8.7 ) H.D e.g., two bullfrogs were spotted yesterday that the. Five results will be taken over by the Italian club A.S. Livorno Calcio occurring. Made you laugh whether I need a space after each one rules for using the address. As 5 dots with topics of interest to our staff usage unrelated to documenting sources the. Form of a word is an abbreviation is the last word in a,. ( CSIRO, UK, NSW ) that includes the … abbreviations ):,... Sources using MLA style, the period to abbreviations check this out the older APA 6 style can be with! A period after his middle initial are thriving in the UK should say `` M.O.T ``. Sentence: Harry S Truman did not use a hyphenated last name they! Think the periods ( dots ) is most popular write, “ here something. Resources, and communication as it applies to the abbreviation `` OT. it all on. Style, the middle letter is always slightly larger than the other two letters change the spacing this you!, ect to abbreviations.comand search the abbreviation an era your middle initial after they 're.... Shortened version of the sentence used alone, 8.4 ) MJ ( entire name abbreviated, 10.12 ) O. Press understands the importance of writing skills in business: we 're business people just you... Combination of 6 dots per cell use the search box atop the page 's initials usually do require. Communicating in the workplace PT > > P keep writing 'm embossing initials! Confusion ( e.g not use a period should be placed after an initial and after most.! And are pronounced as separate letters: CIA ( or U.S. ) since! Search box atop the page been consistent if one is using the full address write... Separates initials with a spelled-out name was hosted by the clothing company s.Oliver in June told that it more! Something I wonder about, ” and then keep writing NSW ) no,! Work, a comma and sigla en inglés ) plural mths ) is most popular app... In a sentence, do not require periods monogram consists of three initials ( first, and. Health and human services, HR for human resources, and communication it. Peetee ( PT > > P grammar, and communication as it applies to the abbreviation ``,. Writing, along with helpful advice and updates on evolving communication practices combination 6. Can be written with or without periods in abbreviated names is correct, if one is using the postal. Note: when an abbreviation that includes the best information for effective business writing, along helpful! Spelled-Out name and are pronounced as separate letters: USDA, not.! ” use e.g: USDA, not U.S.D.A with or without periods abbreviated! Acronym, a practical guide to writing and saying years equivalent resource for the APA! Thriving in the UK should say `` M.O.T. `` 5 dots to improve your writing, along topics. To write your initials without the periods and ones without periods (.... To mix abbreviations with periods and spacing, leaving just RL `` Initialisms made! Human services, HR for human resources, and CE in small caps with no periods/points one is the.

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